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excess和exceed

2017年4月25日 / 519次阅读
英语

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英语阅读理解的功力,一个重要的方面就体现在对非常常见和熟悉的单词的含义的精准理解上,本文复习excess和exceed这两个词,及其相关含义和变形。

 

excess [ ik'ses, 'ek-, 'ekses, ik's- ]

n. a quantity much larger than is needed

adj. more than is needed, desired, or required. "trying to lose excess weight"

 

excessive /ɪkˈsɛsɪv/ CET4 TEM4

1.  ADJ If you describe the amount or level of something as excessive, you disapprove of it because it is more or higher than is necessary or reasonable. 过多的; 过度的 [表不满]

例: Their spending on research is excessive and is slowing developments of new treatments. 他们在研究上的花销过多,正在减慢新疗法的开发。

2. excessively ADV 过多地; 过度地

例:Managers are also accused of paying themselves excessively high salaries. 经理们还被指责给自己发过高的工资。

 

exceed [ ik'si:d ]

v. go beyond. "Their loyalty exceeds their national bonds"

exceed /ɪkˈsiːd/ CET4 TEM4 ( exceeding, exceeded, exceeds )

1.  V-T If something exceeds a particular amount or number, it is greater or larger than that amount or number. 超过 (某数量) [正式]

例: Its research budget exceeds $700 million a year. 其研究预算每年超过7亿美元。

2.  V-T If you exceed a limit or rule, you go beyond it, even though you are not supposed to or it is against the law. 超越 (限制、规定) [正式]

例:He accepts that he was exceeding the speed limit. 他承认他当时超过了速限。

 

exceeding [ ik'si:diŋ ]

adj. far beyond what is usual in magnitude or degree. "a night of exceeding darkness"

exceeding /ɪkˈsiːdɪŋ/

ADJ very great; exceptional or excessive 非常的; 超越的

 

仔细体会这一组单词在含义上的细微差别。

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